How to detect literacy problems in children

How to detect literacy problems in children

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The process of acquiring reading and writing is one of the most relevant events in childhood. For it to be given correctly, it is important that there is an adequate teaching-learning process. But, How do you know if your child has a literacy disorder?

In order to determine that a child has reading and writing impairments, it is important to take into account the following factors:

- Absence of alterations in vision or hearing.

- Absence of physical problems that may interfere with reading.

- Absence of emotional or neurological disorders.

- C.I. normal that allows you to develop these skills.

There are different reasons why a child may present reading and writing disorders, such as an inappropriate teaching method or unfavorable environmental factors, among others.

All this can be associated with other important aspects such as: difficulty in copying, alterations in laterality, perception, psychomotor skills, attention, calculation, memory, following complex orders ...

To identify these difficulties, we can be attentive to a series of warning signs, such as the following:

In the area of ​​writing:

- Alteration of the order of the letters totally or partially.

- Problems in the orientation of the strokes of certain letters.

- Confusion of similar letters, such as / p / - / b / p / d / - / b /.

- Clumsiness and lack of manual coordination.

- Inadequate posture of both the child and the paper when writing.

- Excess or lack of tension at the time of writing.

- Multiple errors at the time of writing (omissions, substitutions, investments or additions).

In the area of ​​reading:

- Impaired reading.

- Performance in this aspect significantly lower than expected in relation to their personal and school characteristics.

- They have difficulty distinguishing some letters or reading them in the proper order.

- Skip spelling mistakes.

- Slow reading, with syllables, loss of line ...

- They have difficulty reading words and phrases.

- Lack of reading comprehension.

To confirm or rule out the diagnosis of these alterations, it is important to go to a specialist who can apply some formal tests, such as:

- PROLEC-R: Evaluate the reading processes. Provides information on the child's reading ability and on the strategies used in reading a text. In addition, it guides us on the mechanisms that are not working and that interfere with good reading.

- BADICABLE: It is a Diagnostic Battery of Basic Competence for Learning to Read. It is used to measure the child's ability to learn written language.

- ECL: Evaluation of the reading comprehension. It is used to assess the level of children's reading comprehension.

These are just some of the tests that can be used to assess children's reading and writing. However, all of them must be applied and interpreted by a professional.

You can read more articles similar to How to detect literacy problems in children, in the category of on-site writing.

Video: Signs of Reading Difficulties In Children - Karen Schiltz, PhD (August 2022).