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Instill common sense to children is a task that every father and mother tries to carry out throughout the evolutionary process of their children, beginning in the earliest childhood until reaching the complex adolescence, at which time we will continue asking our children, more than ever, to manage your lives with common sense. The question is how we should do it so that it really reaches the children.
Common sense is nothing else that the faculty to orient oneself in practical life: I don't cross a red light, I wear a coat when it's cold, I don't go to school in my pajamas, I shouldn't get away from Mom and Dad in public places or, if I see a fire, I call the fire department, to give a few examples.
Common sense that set of beliefs or thoughts shared in a society about what is appropriate to do, think or say at certain times. It saves us from making mistakes, getting into trouble, and avoiding unnecessary dangers. Likewise, it allows us to choose the most beneficial option to achieve our objectives.
But common sense is not something innate, must be taught and children must practice to learn. This means that on many occasions children will make mistakes by letting themselves be carried away by their thoughtless thoughts or by the impulsiveness of the evolutionary moment in which they are immersed. But by putting this set of commonly shared and socially accepted responses into practice, children will develop their common sense.
Parents, teachers or professors we can help instill common sense in children through different ways, either through day-to-day activities or through different games and stories.
1) through own experience: We know that children learn basically by imitation and by trial and error, so it is important that parents give them the opportunity to see how we handle ourselves with common sense throughout the day and why we act that way and not another, explaining the consequences of making one or the other decision.
For example, we cross through the pedestrian crossing with the traffic light in green and not in red because they could run us over or we should never leave a paella with oil on the fire because we could cause a fire at home.
Through these everyday examples we can ask the children questions to tell us what they would do in each situation and why. But we must not only stay at this point where they live through us, we must go further and allow them to make small decisions and let them make mistakes so that they are more aware of the consequences of having made a good or bad one. decision.
2) Through games: Children learn to speak, relate, share, and understand the world through play. Playing with them we can make them more sensible people and act in the most appropriate way in each situation that arises.
The role play or symbolic game, where the child imitates being another person or character, is ideal for learning that set of beliefs, thoughts and behaviors that make up common sense. There is nothing better than letting them be who they want to be, policemen, firemen, nurses or gentlemen of the Middle Ages, surely in the plot of their stories they develop a lot of common sense: how to cure a sick person, what to do in the face of danger, whom call when there is a fire, how to dress, ...
We can let them play alone or be part of their world, in any case it will always be good if we ask them why they do or say this or that thing, what options they had and which of them should be the most appropriate.
3) Through tales and stories: Any story or story is a good opportunity to instill common sense in children. The stories provide a very high quality learning environment where it is possible to transmit new knowledge, values or ways of acting.
When we read a story to our children it is good that from time to time let's stop and ask them about what's going on throughout history, what is any of the characters doing and feeling and how do they think they should have acted, if it is right or wrong or what other options would they have and why. Nothing happens if they do not know how to answer us, the important thing is that they pay attention and that we give them some answers on how to act with common sense.
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