Small child

Nose bleeding in a child - causes and procedure

Nose bleeding in a child - causes and procedure

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Nose bleeding in a child is common. Rarely, however, has a serious cause. Most often it is caused by infections or mechanical trauma, sometimes it is associated with body fatigue. How to deal with it? Here is the most important information on this topic.

Nose bleeding in a child? Stay calm

Nose bleeding in a child is not a cause for concern. When it appears, the basis is keeping calm.

It is best to put the child on his knees and rest his back on his chest and ask the child to tilt his head slightly (tilting the head back is a mistake, do not do so as not to provoke vomiting in the child!). Take a handkerchief or towel and squeeze the baby's nose, stay in this position for about 10 minutes. You can distract a child by singing a song or telling a fairy tale.

After this time, we release the baby's nose and check if the bleeding has stopped. If this does not happen, we plug the baby's nose again. If the child protests about blocking the nose, try to plug only one part of the nose, the one that is bleeding.

One more important note - during bleeding, we do not put anything in the child's nose. It is not recommended that, after bleeding, when removing the dressing, it does not cause mucosal damage and bleeding again.

Sometimes nose bleeds occur at night. As a result, you will notice blood on the pillow. In this situation, wash the child's face and change bedding. Occasional bleeding episodes are not a cause for concern.

What are the reasons?

Child's nosebleeds are usually caused by drying and irritation of the mucosa, which occurs during infection - a runny nose or cough. The reason are also allergies, low humidity, mechanical damage - picking in the nose, blow to the nose. Nose bleeds can also be caused by some medicines.

The nose is covered by a network of shallowly located blood vessels that can easily be irritated, which leads to bleeding.

Is nosebleeds a cause for concern?

Young children often have bleeding from the nose, especially in the winter season when the air is dry and the nasal mucosa is irritated due to numerous infections.

A quick visit to the doctor requires a situation when:

  • if bleeding is frequent and heavy,
  • if bleeding is accompanied by shortness of breath
  • in addition to nosebleeds, the child experiences bleeding gums.

Read - how to stop nosebleeds.