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Shingles, or reactivation of the smallpox virus
Shingles (also known as herpes zoster) occurs due to reactivation virusvaricella zoster virus (VZV) recorded in the nerve ganglia. He stays dormant there after pox and smallpox attacks again when the child has reduced immunity or falls ill due to a serious viral or bacterial infection.
Very often shingles occur in children chronically ill, malnourished, stressed, or after vaccinations.
Shingles can be affected up to several times in your life. The body is not able to become resistant to this disease.
Shingles in children - what symptoms?
Shingles in children can have a different course. Everything depends on the condition of the child's body. Usually the first symptoms of the disease are:
- bad mood,
- sore throat,
Then the child complains about:
- tingling of the skin, itching, hypersensitivity
- there is pain
After 2-3 days from the onset of pain, a characteristic rash can be observed.
What does a herpes zoster rash look like?
- is lumpy, small, formed by bubbles filled with serous fluid (similar to those present in the course of smallpox), the pimples dry out over time and scabs form,
- the rash is located on a red background, inflammatory changes can be observed on the skin,
- occurs locally, in the form of "pies" most often on the face, back, stomach - usually left or right (one or the other),
- mostly focused on one side of the body, around the nerve, hence the name shingles,
- it is very itchy and painful, but scratching the skin does not bring relief, because shingles is a disease of the nerves, not the skin,
- the rash disappears after 4-6 days.
You must do everything to prevent your child from scratching the skin. Scratching changes can be the cause bacterial superinfections.
The symptoms of herpes zoster last from 2 to 4 weeks.
How to recognize shingles?
Shingles gives characteristic symptoms which are easy to identify. It is very characteristic especially skin rash. If we suspect shingles, it is worth going to the doctor with the child. The specialist will examine the child and give us a definite answer about the disease.
Can Shingles become infected?
Shingles in children do not cause shingles in other people. It can, however, cause smallpox. You may be infected until all skin lesions have healed. The virus spreads easily drip through coughing, sneezing. To get infected, just touch the skin changes.
In healthy people who have had smallpox, a person suffering from herpes zoster is not a threat. However, it should be avoided by people with reduced immunity, chronically ill as well pregnant women.
What does the treatment look like?
Shingles are treated symptomatically. Painkillers (based on paracetamol, ibuprofen may cause complications) can be given.
For skin lesions apply disinfectant liquids and aerosols, which also have astringent and soothing effect. However, powders and creams with a greasy formula are not recommendedwhich increase the risk of skin superinfection.
In some cases, your doctor may decide to give it to your child an antiviral medicine that slows down the multiplication of the virus and reduces the duration of the disease as well as the steroid ointment.
A child with shingles should take a shower every day.
Shingles can cause complications in the form of eye and ear disorders - in extreme cases, there is loss of vision and hearing.