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Where does a child's hypothyroidism come from, what are its symptoms and can it be cured?
Thyroid and its role in the development of a child's body
The thyroid is a very important organ whose main role is producing hormones that regulate the work of our body. Hormones play a very important role in the proper development of the child from the very beginning of his life. All thyroid disorders are therefore directly reflected in its development.
Children with hypothyroidism because they grow much worse than their healthy peers, develop less well and reach puberty later. Hypothyroidism in a child can also be the cause of mental retardation, including that of a deep degree.
As you can see, hypothyroidism has very serious health consequences for the child. That is why it is so important how the earliest diagnosis and implementation of appropriate treatment. It is worth knowing that properly treated hypothyroidism helps protect a child against its negative effects.
The treatment itself is based on regularly giving the child medicine whose task is to supplement thyroid hormone deficiencies. Put simply, the treatment of a child's hypothyroidism involves pharmacological supplementation of hormone levels to an appropriate level.
Causes of hypothyroidism in children - congenital and acquired hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism in a child may be congenital or acquired. ABOUT congenital hypothyroidism we say when a child is born whose thyroid does not work properly at birth. The child may have an incorrectly developed thyroid gland or a properly built organ which, however, cannot produce the right amounts of hormones.
For the appearance of congenital hypothyroidism especially children of women who have taken thyroid medication during pregnancy are at risk. A side effect of their use may be damage to the thyroid of the fetus. Also women who diet is low in iodine are more likely to give birth to a child with hypothyroidism.
The second type of childhood hypothyroidism, called acquired however, most often it accompanies such diseases as Hashimoto and pituitary gland disease. Its appearance is also influenced by a diet low in iodine, this time of the child himself.
Congenital hypothyroidism in a child - symptoms that should not be underestimated
Diagnosing congenital hypothyroidism, without appropriate tests, is very difficult for newborns and young children. Seemingly their body is developing properly. Therefore, in every newborn baby, already in the first days after birth, blood screening tests are carried out to detect hypothyroidism.
Here are some symptoms that indicate that the newborn and the infant may have congenital hypothyroidism:
- prolonged physiological jaundice;
- breast sucking problems and poor weight gain;
- motor development delay in relation to other children (the child later sits down, crawls, walks and speaks);
- hoarse voice and dry, rough skin;
- frequent recurrent constipation.
Too late diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism in a child can unfortunately lead to mental impairment of the toddler. Therefore, if you suspect that your child may be sick, you should consult a pediatrician as soon as possible.
Symptoms of acquired hypothyroidism in a child
Acquired hypothyroidism is not associated with mental retardation, as it occurs most often when the child is older. Symptoms that indicate acquired hypothyroidism include:
- incorrect body proportions (legs and arms too short, large head, long torso);
- dry skin on the body (especially on the elbows and knees);
- the child constantly complains of feeling cold;
- slow heart rate of the child;
- excessively falling out, dry hair;
- poor appetite and recurrent constipation;
- the child is sleepy and sluggish, has problems with concentration, memory and learning;
- delayed puberty compared to peers.
These symptoms should not be underestimated either, because untreated acquired hypothyroidism can even lead to a child falling into a coma. To diagnose acquired hypothyroidism is performed thyroid hormone (TSH, ft4, ft3) and thyroid antibodies tests. It is also necessary to have an examination of the thyroid itself and its ultrasound.