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If we win the fight against one allergy, can we be calm that our child is no longer an allergic? Unfortunately not, because curing even the first symptoms of allergies can transform its other form, causing the so-called allergic march.
Allergic march what is it?
Allergic march, also known as atopic, is the development and evolution of allergies as the patient grows up. It consists in the fact that a child's allergy can take many forms (e.g. rash from eating a tomato), and as it grows up it can transform into another allergy (e.g. inhaled to grass pollen). This is a peculiar way of developing allergies, especially the untreated one, which is why early diagnosis is so important. During the allergic march, it is also very important to observe the patient so as to exclude or diagnose any allergens in a timely manner.
How to recognize an allergic march?
Usually (though not always) the allergic march begins (about 1 month of life) with problems with the digestive tract, the infant suffers from colic, bloating, diarrhea, and downpour. The first symptoms of allergies are easiest to identify, because the child does not yet take solid foods (milk allergy), although the problem usually worsens when we start to expand the diet (e.g. allergies to eggs, celery, stone fruit).
With age (3-4 months), the child develops skin problems, rashes, redness, dry skin and the first signs of atopic dermatitis (AD). Often, skin allergies are caused by taking food allergens, using cosmetics, compounds found in water or even around the patient.
Comforting is the fact that a large number of people struggling with skin allergies just grow out of them, the allergy stops completely or becomes very mild. Although, unfortunately, it also happens that it gets tighter in other forms. In children around 3 years of age, food allergy in the form of problems with the digestive system often begins to increase, the toddler complains of abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting occurs.
A child at this age begins to consume "adult" products, which additionally makes it difficult to find the allergen among such diverse foods. The next stage of allergic march that you can expect are respiratory ailments. The child suffers from allergic rhinitis, coughing, shortness of breath, otitis and bronchitis, the first symptoms of asthma may also appear.
An allergic march does not have to occur in every child who suffers from an allergy in that order, but this is the most common, although there are no rules. Allergies can take many forms, and the same can happen in a different order.
How to prevent the development of an allergic march?
To prevent the development and evaluation of allergies, you must prevent it as early as possible, and if it occurs, start systematic treatment at the beginning. Only avoiding allergens and properly selected treatment that the doctor will apply give us the opportunity to reduce the likelihood of further allergy development. That is why, as I mentioned earlier, it is so important to find the allergen and apply the appropriate treatment.
Untreated allergies can cause the number of allergens to increase, and thus more human organs will be exposed to inflammatory processes. In addition, we can ensure that your child avoids the most harmful and potential allergens from an early age. It is worth eliminating potential allergens from the diet (e.g. nuts, highly processed foods), avoiding inhalation allergens (e.g. dust, animal dander, pollen) and taking care of the beneficial environment surrounding the toddler: avoid tobacco smoke, air pollution, artificial dyes and preservatives in cosmetics, provide a suitable place to sleep (quilt and pillow for allergy sufferers).
It is important to start treatment immediately after the first symptoms suggesting an allergy and prevent its development.