Pregnancy / Childbirth

Smółka - the first pile of a newborn baby

Smółka - the first pile of a newborn baby

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Smółka is the first stool of a child. Usually excreted 24 hours after delivery. It owes its name to its black color, which can frighten parents who debut in their role. Not only because of the characteristic color, but also the diaper content, which can be really abundant. What will the first poop of the newborn tell us?

What does tar look like?

Smółka it sticky, pulling, dark green baby stool. Often quite abundant (can weigh up to 10 dag), It is no wonder then that the first pile sometimes spills out of the diaper and causes the child's clothes to become dirty.

In addition, it is worth knowing that the removal of meconium is one of the reasons decrease in the child's birth weight.

The meconium begins to accumulate in the baby's intestines 4-5 months of fetal life, still in the womb. It consists of fetal waters, fetal ointment, exfoliated epithelium, cholesterol, enzymes, and bilirubin, responsible for jaundice in the newborn. The tar owes its characteristic dark color to anaerobic bile transformation.

When is mecon excreted?

Newborn's first stool is excreted within 24 hours after delivery. Usually the black color stays on during several bowel movements, so the child expels meconium for about 3 days after birth.

Then the stools become brown-green with pronounced clumps of milk. The color and consistency of stools changes as your child grows. Read more about it.

The number of stools is higher in breastfed babies. Heaps are more abundant in babies who eat more milk.

And what if the child did not release meconium?

Failure to remove tar during the first days of life may be a symptom of the disease, testify for example about cystic fibrosis. If the newborn baby has not pooped within 24 hours after delivery, this may indicate presence gastrointestinal obstruction.

Or expelled her too quickly?

As disadvantageous as the meconium is to be excreted too late expelling her too soon, before the baby is born, still in fetal development, which leads to the formation of green fetal waters and carries the risk of occurrence aspiration pneumonia.

Meconium in amniotic fluid is found especially in pregnancies lasting 42 weeks or more (in 30% of cases).

It is worth watching when the child released tar. For information on whether we have observed the first poop, we will be asked after delivery from doctors in the hospital.


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