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What is abdominal hernia?
Abdominal hernia is an unfavorable situation, during which part of the organs located in the abdominal cavity extends beyond its area. It moves and protrudes beyond the abdominal area. Unfortunately, an unnoticed problem may increase. A complication of the abdominal hernia is entrapment of the intestines.
How is a hernia in the abdomen?
An abdominal hernia is the result of an increase in abdominal pressure, most often as a result of exertion. That is when the muscles and membranes are put under pressure, and if they are weakened, they may split and even break. As a consequence, a fissure is formed, into which the abdominal organs enter, which causes the formation of an abdominal hernia.
Symptoms of the abdominal hernia
Typical symptoms for an abdominal hernia are:
- elastic relief in the abdominal area,
- protrusion in the form of a hard bump that does not give way to "belly",
- possible pain, worsening when coughing, pressure on the stool,
Who is the most common abdominal hernia?
Abdominal hernia develops most often in:
- pregnant women
- obese people
- opera singers,
- people working physically.
The risk of developing an abdominal hernia increases in women who have had several births, as well as asthmatics and patients who are accompanied by frequent coughing attacks.
Risk factors are also poor eating habits and smoking. In addition, a hernia often develops in a scar after surgery, often in a scar after Caesarean section.
How is an abdominal hernia diagnosed?
A hernia is diagnosed during a detailed medical history and physical examination. Usually, ultrasound is also necessary.
Abdominal hernia requires surgical treatment, either traditional or laparoscopic - depending on the size of the lesion.
If the hernia developed in pregnancy, conservative treatment is used. Expectant mother is asked to save herself, a quiet lifestyle, not to overwork, to avoid carrying, doing sports. Usually a special headband is ordered. Surgery is recommended only after childbirth, about 3 to 6 months after delivery.
Any alarming symptoms should be consulted immediately by a physician.