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A toddler can have different weights after birth. It is associated with the age of pregnancyin which delivery took place and also results from other factors, among others genetic predisposition of the child.
Most newborns are born with weights in the range 3000-3500 g. This does not mean, however, that a newborn baby weighing 2800 g or 3900 g is abnormal.
We have a low birth weight when we weigh a newborn baby than 2500 g, In such a situation the toddler will be under close medical observationto rule out disorders and any diseases. This does not mean that 2500 g a newborn baby cannot be completely healthy. A few days after delivery, a newborn baby may lose weight up to 10% of its weight and this is a natural process caused by processes occurring outside the womb - excretion in another environment, evaporation of the body, etc. Losing weight after birth should not bother parents.
How much does an infant take in the first months of his life?
From 0-1 month - an average of 112 to 200 g per week
From 1-4 months of age - an average of 120 -225 g per week
from 4-6 months of age - an average of 90 - 150 g per week
from 6 months of age 50 -80 g per week
The World Health Organization talks about weight gain minimum 450 g per month, however, is not meaningful when it comes to the population of the whole world, because in different countries the demand for food is different. In Poland, we don't have problems with the availability of food, that's why weight gain can be up to 600 g per month.
The rate of weight gain is dependent from the diet, but also the child's body structure. Longer and slim babies burn calories faster, so they lose weight less, while smaller and fatter ones gain weight.
It also has a significant impact the character of the child. Calm, much sleeping babies burn fewer calories, while more active and busy more.
It also has a significant impact on weight frequency of baby feeding. Infants fed on demand, often fed at night, will gain weight faster than they fed with a watch in their hands and sleep through the nights.
How often do you weigh an infant?
There is no need to weigh a baby every day, it won't help us. It would take a few days for the child to be patient.
With a normally developing baby, it is enough to check the weight during follow-up visits to the clinic. More often you need to weigh a baby who is premature baby, gets sick, sleeps a lot and doesn't wake up for feeding. If we weigh the baby at home alone so that the results are reliable, it is best to weigh them on the same weight and at the same time of day every few days.
Infant's weight and percentile nets
Percentage nets can be found in every child's health book. They are designed to make both doctors and parents aware of the level of development of a given child in relation to other peers.
Healthy children and especially their weight and height are normal when kept between 27 and 75 percentile.
Between 10 and 3 talks about weight deficiency, below 3 a significant deficiency. And above 97 percentile means a worrying increase.
There are significant drops to think about e.g. from 50 centile to 5, or an increase from 20 centile to 85. They are also disturbing big differences in parameters: head circumference, weight, height, this means that the child does not develop proportionally.In this case, you need to consult a doctor who will exclude whether these changes are not caused by the child's disease.
The percentile grids are selected according to the age and sex of the child. We mark the child's age on the horizontal axis, and the weight on the vertical axis. At the meeting point of two points (we carry straight lines from points) we read the level in percentiles.
There are opinions that babies fed on modified milk gained more weight than breastfed babies. This is related to the method and frequency of feeding, but as a rule, there is no point in comparing your child with others.
It is difficult to clearly determine how much an infant should weigh in a given week of his life. Every child is different, has their own predispositions, character, rhythm of the day, preferences.
The parent must balance himself when his child gains weight correctly, and if he has a problem with it, he can always get advice from a pediatrician. Certainly, you cannot underestimate the suspicion of an incorrect weight of our child.
Correct weight gain in the first months of life has a significant impact on the rest of his life and above all are necessary for proper development.